2.13 Managing Drug Issues in Catholic Schools

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Policy 2.13

Managing Drug Issues in Catholic Schools

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Context

Catholic schools in the Archdiocese of Melbourne affirm that every individual person is made in the image of God (Gen 1: 27), and that life and physical health are precious gifts entrusted to people by God. As such, Catholic schools in the Archdiocese of Melbourne prohibit all unsanctioned drug use while a student is:

  • attending school or is within the school vicinity
  • engaging in any school activity away from the school, including the travel to or from school or a school activity.

All Catholic schools take strategic action to prevent drug experimentation and use by students. Schools are able to respond appropriately to drug-related issues and the harm that may arise from the misuse of drugs.

Our Catholic school communities are conscious of our Catholic vision, mission and values. Therefore, this policy ensures that young people are sensitively attended to during times of difficulty and gives them hope for the future.

When managing drug issues, the school leaders at our schools work within the requirements of the law. They balance the immediate wellbeing and educational needs of students involved in the issue with the students’ ongoing growth and development, as well as the wellbeing and educational interests of the broader school community.

Background

This policy guides schools in relation to the development and implementation of health promotion and preventative drug-education policies, initiatives and practices. It also guides schools to respond to and manage drug-related incidents involving students who are attending school or within the school vicinity, or are engaging in any school activity away from the school, including the travel to or from school or a school activity.

Catholic Education Melbourne (CEM) encourages every Catholic school in the Archdiocese of Melbourne to formulate its own policies and procedures on drug-related issues that arise with students. These policies and procedures are expected to be consistent with the principles expressed in this policy (2.13 Managing drug issues in Catholic schools), as well as 2.26 Pastoral care of students. The school’s policies and procedures are also expected to be compliant with relevant legal requirements, as well as the Catholic schools operational guide from the Catholic Education Commission of Victoria Ltd (CECV) and the Guidelines to the minimum standards and requirements for school registration and other Commonwealth requirements for Victorian Catholic schools.

The development and regular review of policies and strategies that support the management of drug-related incidents involving students in schools is fundamental to improving the capacity of school communities to respond to drug-related issues. These policies and strategies contribute to improved health outcomes of students, and enable an environment where students feel safe from harm and supported to achieve their full potential. Such policies and strategies encompass:

Scope

This policy applies to:

  • the possession, supply, distribution, and use of licit and illicit drugs or drug-related equipment by students who are attending school or within the school vicinity, or are engaging in a school activity away from the school, including the travel to or from school or a school activity
  • inappropriate use by students of prescribed or over-the-counter drugs
  • inappropriate use by students of volatile substances or inhalants
  • the strategies schools should undertake to prevent and minimise student uptake of harmful drug use through curriculum-based drug education
  • the strategies schools should take to regulate and respond to drug use, possession, trafficking, distribution, and supply in the school context.

Note: drug issues relating to school staff should be discussed with the CEM Industrial Relations Unit: 03 9267 0228.

Definitions

Drug
Any substance (with the exception of food and water) which, when taken into the body, alters the body's function either physically or psychologically (State of Western Australia 2018). This includes all licit and illicit substances that produce psychoactive or physiological effects on the person who consumes the drug (Commonwealth of Australia 2010, p. 30).

Drug-related incident
An occasion involving illicit or unsanctioned drug use, or the possession, trafficking or distribution of a drug or drug-related equipment, except for legal medical use.

Drug-related issues
All issues associated with drugs, including those that arise from personal use and use by another person or persons.

Harm minimisation
Policies, approaches and programs aimed at reducing drug-related harm from licit and illicit drugs. Harm minimisation aims to promote better health, social and economic outcomes for the community and the individual, and encompasses a wide range of approaches. Harm minimisation includes the promotion of abstinence of drug use, prevention of anticipated harm and reduction of actual harm.

Illicit drug
A drug in which production, sale, possession, trafficking or use is prohibited by law. An alternative term is ‘illegal drug’.

Inhalant
See ‘volatile substances’.

Intervention
Strategies implemented when responding to drug-related issues.

Licit drug
A drug that is legally available by medical prescription or sometimes (depending on age or jurisdiction) a drug legally available without medical prescription (World Health Organization 1994, p. 44). Licit drugs also include pharmaceutical drugs. An alternative term is ‘legal drug’.

Over-the-counter drug
A drug that can be sold or administered without a prescription.

Pharmaceutical drug
A drug available through pharmacies, supermarkets or stores, including over-the-counter and prescription medicines. Caffeine, anti-histamines, codeine and alcohol are the most common psychoactive constituents of over-the counter drugs (World Health Organization 1994, p. 51).

Prescription drug
A drug that legally requires a medical prescription for a pharmacist or authorised healthcare professional to dispense it.

Prevention
Strategies used to prevent drug use from occurring or to delay the onset of use.

Possession
Occupying or holding a substance either with or without rights of ownership. Possession also includes jointly possessing a drug together with another person (Commonwealth of Australia 2014, p. 2).

Psychoactive effect
The effects produced by a drug or substance that alter mental processes, including mood, cognition, thinking or behaviour

School drug education
A term to encompass all policies, practices, programs, initiatives and events in schools connected with the prevention and reduction of drug-related harm (Commonwealth of Australia 2004, p. 5).

Trafficking
Providing or offering to provide an illegal drug to another person. Traditionally, a trafficker is someone who exchanges a drug or drugs for money, property or services. However, if any illegal drug is passed onto others, even friends, this is also considered to be trafficking (Commonwealth of Australia 2014, p. 2).

Unsanctioned drug
A drug in which use is restricted by law, school authorities, or school policies and guidelines. It includes illicit, licit and prescription drugs (National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction 2004, p. 292).

Volatile substances (also known as inhalants or solvents)
Substances that vaporise at ambient temperatures and are inhaled for psychoactive effects (World Health Organization 1994, p. 63). The term ‘volatile substances’ refers to a range of products that produce chemical gases or fumes at room temperature. Although there are minor variations in the classification of volatile substances, they are generally grouped as solvents, aerosols, gases or nitrates.

Volatile substance use can cause uninhibited behaviour, decreased heart and breathing rates, suffocation, heart failure, unconsciousness, and death by accident (State of Victoria 2018). Running or engaging in other physical activities after inhaling a volatile substance can cause death due to cardiac sensitisation (Alcohol and Drug Foundation 2018). As solvents make the body more sensitive to adrenaline, do not frighten or chase solvent users (State of Victoria 2018).

Note: please see the Victorian Department of Education and Training’s policy on Volatile substance use, which is available as part of the department’s school policy and advisory guide.

Guiding principles

The following guiding principles inform the policies and procedures to plan, manage and respond to drug-related incidents in Catholic schools.

The following guiding principles inform the policies and procedures to plan, manage and respond to drug-related incidents in Catholic schools.

  1. Transparency and accountability
    Schools are committed to strong, ethical practices, and transparency and accountability in dealing with and responding to drug-related incidents.

  2. Consistency
    Policy and practice consistently informs and manages the responses to drug-related incidents.

  3. Trust and confidentiality
    The highest standards of trust are maintained in the relationships between staff, parents or carers, and students. In responding to drug-related incidents, appropriate confidentiality and privacy is maintained, with information being provided to those who have a legal right or pastoral need to be informed.

  4. Student wellbeing
    All people working in schools, as well as the wider school community, are responsible for the care of all children and young people to promote their wellbeing, and protect them from any form of harm. School responses to drug-related incidents ensure the wellbeing and individual needs of all students.

  5. Safe and supportive school environment
    A supportive environment based on positive and collaborative relationships is promoted as part of seeking to prevent or reduce drug-related harm. This is achieved within a school environment that is safe, supportive, inclusive and empowering. The school environment is also one where diversity is respected and valued, human rights and the common good are honoured, inter-relationships are positive, students experience connectedness and engagement, and those who are vulnerable, experiencing difficulty or special needs receive particular care and support (Commonwealth of Australia 2004, p. 24).

  6. Collaboration and shared commitment with community
    Parents and carers are recognised by schools as significant and essential partners in actively supporting and nurturing the educational and wellbeing outcomes of children and young people. The planning and implementation of drug education and the response to drug-related incidents should involve collaborative relationships between students, staff, families and the broader community. Schools and families share a commitment to developing and maintaining open and co-operative relationships, which are characterised by respect, trust, goodwill and a willingness to engage collaboratively. It is vital that parents, carers and staff work together to provide a consistent and supportive environment in which students may develop and grow towards maturity.

  7. Harm minimisation
    Schools use a harm-minimisation approach to review and implement school drug-education programs and activities, with the aim of preventing and reducing drug-related harm. The Australian Government’s National Drug Strategy, available from the Department of Health, is also based on this philosophy of harm minimisation.

  8. Whole-school approach
    A whole-school approach to drug education encompasses formal teaching and learning programs, student wellbeing and pastoral-care programs, school ethos and values, interpersonal relationships, and effective partnerships with parents, carers and services in the wider community. A whole-school approach provides a systematic and practical framework that schools can use to manage drug-related issues, and to ensure that the wellbeing and individual needs of all students is supported.
Prevention: whole-school approach
  1. Safe and supportive school environments
    Wellbeing is enacted through the school’s vision and mission, and its policies and procedures, which are grounded in Catholic teaching and tradition. Student wellbeing is fostered and sustained in environments that are safe, supportive and inclusive, where the common good is honoured, and authentic partnerships with families, parish and the broader community are nurtured (Catholic Education Melbourne 2017, p. 4).

  2. School-based policies and procedures
    When consistent expectations are communicated and enacted through policies, practices and pedagogy, the health and safety of all members of the school community are enhanced, and their capacity to engage in learning is strengthened (Catholic Education Melbourne 2018, p. 12). Schools promote consistent expectations of behaviour, based on a set of agreed policies and structures, that are known and understood by all members of the school community (Catholic Education Melbourne 2018, p. 13).

    A core team of school community members is involved in school policy development and drug-education planning and review. The school’s policy and related documents (e.g. strategy, protocol):

    1. outline the sequential drug-education program based on the principles of harm minimisation
    2. develop structures and processes that support students and ensure appropriate care, including first aid and emergency care
    3. inform students, parents, carers and staff of clear school rules, consequences and procedures for responding to drug-related incidents
    4. identify specific support services and networks available to students, parents, carers and staff
    5. ensure the ongoing professional development of all staff
    6. link to other related or relevant school policies.


    Of great importance is that school policies and procedures that address drug-related incidents are clearly communicated to and understood by students, staff and parents and carers.

  3. Drug-education approaches
    A school’s formal teaching and learning program, and its informal curriculum, provides students with the knowledge, skills, attitudes and values that will assist them to develop their problem-solving, decision-making, assertiveness and help-seeking skills in relation to drug use.

    The most effective drug-education programs originate from an evidence-based understanding of the factors contributing to problematic drug use, as well as the strategies that help to prevent such use and the associated harms. This understanding comes from the integration of theoretical concepts and empirical findings. The national Principles for School Drug Education from the Department of Education, Science and Training (Commonwealth of Australia 2004) reflects the best practice in drug education and should be considered when planning whole-school drug-education strategies.

    Educational strategies take into account the school environment, culture and attitude of the local community towards the use of various drugs, and reasons students may be likely to use drugs. Such strategies also provide:

    • opportunities for students to develop resiliency skills that enable them to better cope with change and effectively manage everyday stressors
    • a harm-minimisation approach that encompasses a range of strategies, including non-use which aims to reduce harmful consequences of drug use
    • clear expectations on positive behaviours, boundaries and respect for others
    • information on the consequences of drug use and safety messages about risks.


    Note: please see Appendix 3 for further information regarding drug education at school.

  4. Professional learning for staff
    Professional learning provides school staff with opportunities to plan and implement age and developmentally appropriate drug-education initiatives and preventative strategies. Professional learning also keeps staff up to date on current research, trends, resources and practices in drug education.

    Successful intervention strategies require staff to undergo professional learning so that a school can promote the wellbeing of young people, establish appropriate information channels, referrals and procedures, and ensure staff clearly understand the school’s procedures for managing drug-related issues.

  5. Community partnerships
    Schools establish meaningful links with community agencies and services, from both a prevention and intervention perspective, to strengthen the school’s ability to manage and respond to drug-related issues. These partnerships are essential and may include Victoria Police (though youth initiatives such as the Youth Resource Officer program), community and health agencies and services, the parish priest, relevant canonical administrators and those at the local church.

    The school can play a critical role in referring students and their families to professional agencies and services that can provide them with necessary support and advice. Further, the school will offer support and assistance to the student in maintaining the student’s engagement with the school.

  6. Engagement and partnership with parents and carers
    Catholic schools honour the role of parents and carers as the first and ongoing nurturers and educators of their children (Catholic Education Melbourne 2017, p. 8). Catholic schools recognise parents and carers as significant and essential partners, who actively support and nurture the educational and wellbeing outcomes of children and young people in the school’s care. Therefore, schools engage in creating a collaborative partnership with parents and carers when planning drug-education approaches or responding to a drug-related issue or incident.

    Schools also have an important role to play in providing information to parents and carers about drug-related issues through strategies like parent information forums and seminars.

Procedures for responding to drug-related incidents in Catholic schools

A student possessing, using, distributing, trafficking or selling illicit or unsanctioned drugs while attending school or within the school vicinity, including engaging in a school activity away from school or travelling to or from that engagement, is prohibited. Schools have clearly defined policies and procedures relating to drug issues that align with the school’s pastoral care and behaviour support policies. These policies and procedures also outline the school’s drug-education approach.

Members of the school community who have knowledge of illicit or unsanctioned drug use by others are expected to act morally and with a duty of care by reporting the matter to a responsible member of the school community. This is usually the school’s principal. In the case of a drug-related incident, initial actions and responses focus on the safety and wellbeing of those directly and indirectly involved.

Where a student is found in possession, using, selling, trafficking or otherwise distributing illicit drugs, the student’s parents or carers will be informed and the locally designated police officer will be notified. The school will work collaboratively and continually with Victoria Police to safeguard the wellbeing of the young person and the wider community, and to ensure appropriate action is taken in response to the drug-related incident.

The school is encouraged to consult with CEM for advice on wellbeing, media and legal issues.

The principal (or delegate), in consultation with wellbeing staff, must respond to a drug-related incident in a way that is consistent and fair, taking into account:

  • the nature of the incident
  • the circumstances of the student involved (including the student’s age, development, gender, and cultural and social needs)
  • the needs and safety of the student and others
  • legal requirements
  • the school's policies and procedures, and CEM's policies and procedures.
Procedures for responding to drug-related incidents in Catholic schools

The following procedure identifies immediate and subsequent responses, plus follow-up actions to drug-related incidents involving students.

Note: if the drug in use is suspected to be a volatile substance or inhalant, schools refer to the Volatile substance use policy available on the Victorian Department of Education and Training’s website.

Immediate response Subsequent response when safe Follow-up action
Item: Description
Immediate response

The immediate priority in any drug-related incident is to ensure the safety and wellbeing of students and staff

  • call 000 if there is immediate risk of harm or danger
  • call 000 in case of fumes or poisons, and 13 23 60 for accidents at school
  • ensure the immediate safety, welfare, and health needs of those directly and indirectly involved, including staff and students
  • stay calm and approach in a non-threatening way
  • make a first-aid assessment (if necessary seek medical support – i.e. first aid or ambulance)
  • gather any facts and relevant information
  • monitor the student and do not leave them unattended
  • seek assistance as soon as possible
  • safely collect any suspected drugs and drug paraphernalia (refer to ‘Seizure of property’ below or within the CECV’s Catholic schools operational guide)
  • inform the principal (or delegate)
  • isolate the situation from other students, if possible
  • assess the impact on other students (e.g. Are others involved? Are others affected?)
Subsequent response when safe



 

  • contact the local police station, noting that:
    • police must be notified where students are suspected of possessing, using, distributing or trafficking illicit drugs or drug implements, or are involved in the illegal use of licit substances or drugs
    • police should be notified in situations where an unidentifiable substance is suspected of being an illicit drug
  • subject to and following the police’s advice, inform the parents or carers of students involved in incident
  • implement the school’s pastoral care and behavioural support procedures, with appropriate support in place for the student (if drugs are illicit, police may also initiate intervention procedures)
  • contact health, community and welfare services as appropriate to the situation
  • inform the parish priest or other relevant school governing authority
  • inform CEM and seek advice as required from the
    • regional general manager
    • student wellbeing unit
    • legal unit
    • marketing and communications unit
  • establish a student support group (this may comprise the deputy principal, student wellbeing leader, school nurse, classroom teacher, school administration staff and health professionals) to:
    • gather, verify and document information
    • allocate tasks and roles
    • develop a ‘Student support, safety and return-to-school plan’ (please see Appendix 1) if required
    • develop a ‘Student learning plan’ (please see Appendix 2) if required
    • develop a communication strategy
    • consider interventions
    • consider sanctions in line with school pastoral care and behavioural support policies
    • monitor ongoing student needs
  • notify school staff as relevant, maintaining confidentiality requirements
Follow-up action

The principal (or delegate) must ensure appropriate follow-up actions are implemented once the immediate safety and wellbeing of students have been attended to

The goals of follow-up action are to:

  • support the student to continue their education
  • assist the student to overcome problems related to drug use
  • ensure the ongoing safety and wellbeing of students and staff
  • collaborate with the local Victoria Police youth services officer
  • inform school staff, students and families on a need-to-know basis, maintaining confidentiality and privacy (including relevant support services involved)
  • if relevant, develop a ‘Student support, safety and return-to-school plan (please see Appendix 1), including a safety-and-supervision plan for monitoring the student on return to school
  • debrief staff where appropriate and offer then assistance as required such as the Employee Assistance Program (EAP)
  • debrief students who may have witnessed the incident
  • provide the student with school wellbeing support, and link student and family with community support if appropriate
  • assess the need to refer students and staff to other agencies or professionals, within established protocols, to provide:
    • advice and resources for school staff, parents, carers and students
    • medical assessment
    • counselling and support services for students involved with illicit and other unsanctioned drugs
    • professional development for school staff.
  • conduct a school debrief and review of management of the incident, including school drug-education initiatives and strategies

Considerations related to the management of illicit or unsanctioned drug use

The following table provides some key considerations that need to be made when managing a drug-related incident.

Item: Description
Confidentiality and privacy: general
  • maintain confidentiality at all times
  • share only information that needs to be shared with those who need to know (please refer to 2.21 Privacy policy)
Confidentiality: detoxification and pharmacotherapy treatment
  • information about detoxification, methadone or alternate pharmacotherapies:
    • is a private matter
    • only needs to be shared between students and their
      • parent or carer
      • supporting community agency
      • designated school student wellbeing staff
    • may be provided, at the principal’s discretion, only
      • with the student’s consent
      • to staff who have direct responsibility for the student (i.e. if the student’s concentration or alertness may be affected by prescribed medication)

Note: students should not be excluded from attending school based on their ongoing detoxification

Drug testing
  • any form of drug testing in schools is not supported as it raises:
    • a lack of trust between schools, families and students
    • legal, technical, ethical and financial issues
Duty of care
  • Teachers have a duty of care to pass on information to the principal (or delegate) if they have knowledge about illicit or unsanctioned drug use, possession, distribution or trafficking by students or members of a student’s family. This is irrespective of:
    • whether the use, possession, distribution or trafficking
      • is confirmed, suspected or likely to occur
      • occurs on or outside school grounds
    • the drug used

Note: under this duty of care, staff cannot promise unconditional confidentiality to students

Educational access during absence
  • any student who is absent from school due to a drug-related incident or resultant treatment should be provided with a ‘Student learning plan’ (please see Appendix 2) as determined by the school in consultation with parents or carers
Legal
  • principals are encouraged to contact the CEM legal unit on 9267 0228 for legal advice
Media
  • principals are responsible for media contact; advice and support is available through the CEM marketing and communications unit on 9267 0228
Parents and carers
  • principals should notify parents and carers as soon as practicable
  • generally, parents and carers should always be informed about and involved in the management of drug-related incidents

Note 1: at times, Victoria Police may advise or request the principal not to contact the parents or carers; the principal (or delegate) has to follow advice from Victoria Police

Note 2: teachers and principals do not breach criminal law by failure to notify parents or carers of the use of an illicit drug, but there may be civil and duty-of-care implications

Police
  • principals must:
    • advise the local police contact person when they have knowledge of an alleged criminal offence, including the possession, trafficking, use and distribution of illicit drugs
    • document internal procedures and actions undertaken

Please see 2.19a Police and DHHS interview protocols

Professional learning
  • staff should be:
    • informed of relevant policies and procedures
    • provided with professional learning in responding to drug-related incidents
Record keeping
  • all records pertaining to a drug-related incident must be carefully recorded, filed and retained
  • ensure confidential records of drug-related incidents at school are maintained to support monitoring and evaluation of intervention policies and procedures
Seizure of property
  • follow the procedures in the CECV’s Catholic schools operational guide (login required for the CEVN site).

    Students can be instructed by teachers to hand over certain items. For example, items in the student’s possession such as cigarettes and other items prohibited by school policy or by law, or items that are used to disrupt classes or distract students such as mobile phones, can be requested to be handed over.

    If a student refuses to hand over these items, then action should be taken in accordance with the pastoral care policy of the school and discipline procedures.

    If the items are suspected weapons or drugs then the staff member needs to follow the directives of the protocol for dealing with suspected serious offences. Always, the safety of the students is of prime importance in managing potentially difficult or dangerous situations.

    Where items are confiscated, the responsibility for their preservation and security rests with the school. When this has occurred, a receipt should be issued to the student indicating that such an item has been impounded for safekeeping, pending further actions. The ownership of such items remains with the lawful owner of the property.

    If material is found to be a prohibited substance or an illegal substance, then the person holding such materials can be charged with possession of an illegal substance. Therefore, staff members need to act in a proper way when dealing with such a situation. Usually, the police deal with alleged criminal matters and are the appropriate authority for handling such matters. The CECV has signed a memorandum of understanding with government and independent schools sectors that it will collaborate with Victoria Police in drug-related incidents.

    Staff should not confiscate illegal drugs or prohibited items (flick knives, etc.) without informing the police immediately after. A member of staff (or any other person) in possession of such an item might be in a breach of the law. However, the safety and welfare of all students are of prime importance when considering what actions need to be taken.

Please also see the Victorian Government's school policy to Ban, search and seize harmful items, on the Department of Education and Training’s school policy and advisory Guide.

Staff wellbeing
  • ensure staff wellbeing and safety, including additional support if required. This may be activated through the EAP
Student wellbeing: general
  • establish a student support group to assess student needs and provide support
  • avoid labelling the student or jumping to conclusions
Student wellbeing: continuing the student’s engagement with their education
  • schools should aim to have the student returned to school and resume normal school activities as soon as possible – careful facilitation and planning is required
  • the school’s response to a drug-related incident must not isolate and marginalise the student as this is likely to put them at further risk
  • the school’s role is to:
    • educate
    • provide support focusing on the student’s wellbeing
    • encourage the student to continue on an education pathway
    • where appropriate, assist the student and family to link to appropriate community support services
  • every effort should be made to maintain appropriate educational pathways for students involved in drug-related issues
Volatile substances
  • if it is suspected that the incident involves a volatile substance or inhalant, schools should refer to the Volatile substance use policy, which is available as part of the department’s school policy and advisory guide.
Prescription drugs

Taking prescription drugs without a prescription is illegal and use by students is prohibited.

Please see ‘Medication and administration’ in the Catholic Schools Operational Guide (available on the CEVN intranet) for procedures on managing students with prescription medications.

Relevant CEM policies and guidelines

2.19a Police and DHHS interview protocols

2.21 Privacy policy

2.25 Parents as partners in Catholic education

2.26 Pastoral care of students

Supporting documentation

Appendix 1: Student support, safety and return-to-school plan

Appendix 2: Student learning plan

Appendix 3: School drug education

Contact information for support
  • Emergency services (police, ambulance, fire) – 000
  • Victoria Police youth support officer – contact local police station
  • CEM student wellbeing unit – 03 9267 0228
  • CEM legal unit – 03 9267 0228
  • CEM marketing and communications unit – 03 9267 0228
  • Kids Helpline – 1800 55 1800
  • Lifeline – 13 11 14
  • Headspace – www.headspace.org.au
  • National Alcohol and Other Drug Hotline – 1800 250 015
  • DirectLine, Department of Health Victoria – 1800 888 236
  • Youth Drugs and Alcohol Advice (YoDAA) – 1800 458 685 or www.yodaa.org.au
  • Alcohol and Drug Foundation Information Line – 1800 85 85 84
  • National Drugs Campaign – campaigns.health.gov.au/drughelp
Resources

Catholic Education Melbourne

The Catholic Education Commission of Victoria

Department of Education and Training, Victoria

Australian Government

  • National Drug Strategy 2017–2026 – describes the national framework for building safe, healthy and resilient Australian communities through preventing and minimising alcohol, tobacco and other drug-related health, social and economic harms among individuals, families and communities
  • Australian Student Wellbeing Framework website – supports Australian schools in promoting positive relationships, and the wellbeing of students and educators within safe, inclusive and connected learning communities
  • Positive Choices website – provides a central access point for school-based drug-prevention resources and information linked to the Australian Curriculum, plus resources for parents and teachers
  • Principles for School Drug Education – provides a framework of core concepts and values for effective drug-education practice in schools, drawn from drug-prevention research
  • Australian Sports Anti-Doping Authority website – provides a range of resources for individuals, schools, sports clubs and organisations on anti-doping education
  • Australian drug information directory website – the Alcohol and Drug Foundation’s alcohol and drug search directory

Related legislation

  • Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Act 1981 (Vic)
  • Drugs, Poisons and Controlled Substances Regulations 2017 (Vic)
  • Crimes Act 1958 (Vic)
  • Children, Youth and Families Act 2005 (Vic)
  • Education and Training Reform Act 2006 (Vic)
  • Children and Young Persons Act 1989 (Vic)
  • Information Privacy Act 2000 (Vic)
References

Alcohol and Drug Foundation 2018, ‘Inhalants’, accessed 19 October 2018 https://adf.org.au/drug-facts/inhalants/

Catholic Education Melbourne 2016, Horizons of Hope: Vision and Context, accessed 23 October 2018 https://www.cem.edu.au/CatholicEducationMelbourne/media/Documentation/HoH%20Documents/HoH-vision-context.pdf

Catholic Education Melbourne 2017, Horizons of Hope Foundation Statement: Wellbeing in a Catholic School, accessed 23 October 2018 https://www.cem.edu.au/Our-Schools/Curriculum-Learning-Programs/Student-Wellbeing.aspx

Catholic Education Melbourne 2018, Excel: Wellbeing for Learning in Catholic School Communities, accessed 23 October 2018 https://www.cem.edu.au/CatholicEducationMelbourne/media/Documentation/Documents/eXcel-Wellbeing-for-learning_Guide_May-2018_CEM.pdf

Commonwealth of Australia 2004, Principles for School Drug Education, Department of Education, Science and Training, accessed 30 May 2019 http://apo.org.au/node/33720

Commonwealth of Australia 2010, ‘National Needle and Syringe Programs Strategic Framework 2010-2014 – Glossary’, Department of Health, accessed 23 October 2018 http://health.gov.au/internet/publications/publishing.nsf/Content/illicit-pubs-needle-frame-toc~illicit-pubs-needle-frame-glo

Commonwealth of Australia 2014, Positive choices: Drugs & the Law – What You Need to Know, National Drug and Alcohol Research Centre, Department of Health, accessed 23 October 2018 https://positivechoices.org.au/teachers/drugs-and-the-law

National Centre for Education and Training on Addiction (NCETA) Consortium 2004, Alcohol and Other Drugs: A Handbook for Health Professionals, Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing, accessed 19 November 2019 http://nceta.flinders.edu.au/files/3012/5548/2429/EN199.pdf

State of Victoria 2018, ‘School policy volatile substance use’, Department of Education and Training, accessed 23 October 2018 https://www.education.vic.gov.au/school/principals/spag/safety/Pages/substance.aspx

State of Victoria 2018a, ‘School policy drug use’, Department of Education and Training, accessed 23 October 2018 https://www.education.vic.gov.au/school/principals/spag/safety/pages/druguse.aspx

State of Western Australia 2018, ‘Drugs’, Department of Health, accessed 30 October 2018 https://healthywa.wa.gov.au/Articles/A_E/Drug-information

World Health Organization 1994, Lexicon of alcohol and drug terms, World Health Organization, accessed 23 October 2018 http://apps.who.int/iris/handle/10665/39461

Catholic Education Melbourne 20 November 2019 (Revised)